Coastal communities throughout Canada can monitor ocean conditions and take a leadership role in protecting their coastal environment through the Community Fishers Program supported by ONC.
The data collected by Community Fishers provides important information on how seawater temperature, oxygen, and salinity levels are changing at different depths, and helps monitor climate impacts and environmental changes that can affect ocean health and marine habitat.
ONC Community Fishers partners are monitoring their local ocean conditions at more than 350 locations on the Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic coasts of Canada, by boat or snowmobile. Everyone can explore these data in the Geospatial Map, one of the interactive data visualization products on Oceans 3.0 that displays high-resolution water column profiles.
Map of Ocean Networks Canada’s Community Fishers partners. PEMSA communities were funded as part of the Program for Enhanced Maritime Situational Awareness.
The kits used for the Community Fishers Program include a CTD, which is an oceanographic instrument that measures seawater conductivity and temperature relative to depth with additional sensors to measure parameters of interest to the community. Paired with each CTD is a smart tablet that is equipped with the ONC Community Fishers App, which enables easy instrument operation and data transfer to Oceans 3.0. Additional data support is provided by ONC.
ONC trains community members to collect data using a CTD and the app through a two-day Community Fishers Training Program, which is certified and offered by the University of Victoria (UVic). The program is accredited by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research in partnership with UVic. The cost is typically included in the project funding.
Community led, community driven
Coastal communities are the knowledge keepers and stewards of their marine territories. Indigenous communities have seen the changes since time immemorial and know the challenges their environments are facing.
The community-led design of the Community Fishers Program recognizes the immense value of that knowledge and pairs it with oceanographic instruments, training, and scientific support. This means that the high quality data being collected are relevant to the local research interests as well as contribute to wider ocean science knowledge. A fundamental feature of Community Fishers partnerships is data ownership, control, and data attribution by the communities conducting the research.
Community Fishers partnerships in action
1. A community partners with ONC. Community members receive formal training and support to become new Community Fishers.
2. The partners custom co-design an oceanographic monitoring plan that meets local needs and interests.
3. Partner communities are equipped with a CTD and paired tablet with app.
4. The CTD is lowered through the seawater while the tablet collects geolocation and timestamp data.
5. Community Fishers conduct sampling on their own schedule and upload the data to Oceans 3.0 after every sample date.
6. Data undergoes automated quality assurance, quality control (QA/QC), and processing.
7. ONC Data Specialists perform manual in-depth data QA/QC.
8. Processed data are made publicly available on Oceans 3.0 within 48 hours of being uploaded.
Seamless data transfer: ONC Community Fishers App
ONC’s Community Fishers App has simplified the collection and archiving of ocean data. The app has opened a shared gateway for marine stewards, fishers, vessel operators, and ocean enthusiasts alike to record high quality oceanographic data relative to depth in coastal waters along Canada’s 243,042 kilometres of coastline.
In partnership for a healthy ocean future
The Community Fishers Program was launched in 2015 in partnership with the Pacific Salmon Foundation to better understand the decline in salmon in the Salish Sea.
Since then, the program has spread beyond its Pacific roots to the Arctic and Atlantic coasts. ONC has partnered with the Pacheedaht, T’Sou-ke, Tsleil-Waututh, Kitsumkalum, and Snuneymuxw First Nations, Maritime Aboriginal Peoples Council, Nunatsiavut Government (Labrador), Iqaluit community, Nunavut Arctic College, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
Communities and organizations can independently acquire funding for their own marine monitoring initiatives or reach out to ONC at firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss options.